Acute Kidney Failure

Acute kidney failure


The kidneys are responsible for the purification process, as the levels of hazardous waste may increase, which may cause an imbalance in the chemical composition of the blood. Acute kidney failure occurs when the kidneys are suddenly unable to filter waste products from the blood.

Human kidneys
Human kidneys

Acute kidney failure is also called chronic kidney failure or acute kidney injury, and people get sick quickly, usually in less than a few days. It is most common among people already in the hospital, especially those with serious illnesses who require intensive care.

Acute kidney failure can be fatal and requires intensive treatment. However, acute kidney failure may be treatable. If your health is good, your kidney function may recover to normal or nearly normal.

Symptoms of kidney failure

Signs and symptoms of acute kidney failure may include:

  • Decreased urine output, although sometimes urine output may remain normal
  • Fluid retention, causing swelling of the legs, ankles, or feet
  • Shortness of breath
  • Exhaustion
  • Confusion
  • Nausea
  • Weakness
  • irregular heartbeat
  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Seizures and coma in severe cases

Sometimes acute kidney failure causes no symptoms and is detected by laboratory tests for another reason.

When should you see a doctor?

Seek your doctor or emergency medical help right away if you develop any signs or symptoms of acute kidney failure.

The causes of kidney failure

Healthy kidney vs diseased kidney
Healthy kidney
diseased kidney

Acute kidney failure can occur in the following cases:

  • If you have a condition that slows blood flow to the kidneys
  • If you have had direct damage to your kidneys
  • If the urine drainage tubes of your kidneys (ureters) are blocked and waste products cannot be expelled from your body through urine

Poor blood flow to the kidneys

Diseases and conditions that slow blood flow to the kidneys and lead to kidney injury include:

  1. Loss of blood or fluids
  2. Blood pressure medications
  3. Heart attack
  4. Heart disease
  5. infection
  6. Liver failure
  7. Use of aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), naproxen sodium (Aleve, others), or related medications
  8. Severe allergic reaction (hypersensitivity)
  9. Severe burns
  10. Severe dehydration

Kidney damage

These diseases, conditions, and factors may damage the kidneys and cause acute kidney failure:

  1. Blood clots in the veins and arteries in and around the kidneys
  2. Cholesterol deposits that block blood flow in the kidneys
  3. Glomerulonephritis is inflammation of the small filters in the kidneys (glomeruli)
  4. hemolytic uremic syndrome, a condition that causes premature damage to red blood cells
  5. Infection, such as infection with the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  6. Lupus, an immune system disorder that causes glomerulonephritis
  7. Medications, such as some chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics, and dyes used during imaging tests
  8. Scleroderma, a group of rare diseases that affect the skin and connective tissues
  9. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, a rare blood disorder
  10. Toxins, such as alcohol, heavy metals, and cocaine
  11. Breakdown of muscle tissue (rhabdomyolysis) that leads to kidney damage due to toxins from the muscle tissue damage
  12. The breakdown of cancer cells (tumor lysis syndrome), which leads to the release of toxins that can cause kidney injury

Urinary tract obstruction in the kidneys

Urinary tract infection
Urinary tract infection

Diseases and conditions that block the passage of urine out of the body (urinary tract obstruction) and can lead to acute kidney injury include:

  1. Bladder Cancer
  2. Blood clots in the urinary tract
  3. Cervical cancer
  4. Colon Cancer
  5. Prostate enlargement
  6. kidney stones
  7. Nerve damage related to the nerves that control the bladder
  8. Prostate cancer

Risk factors of kidney failure

Acute kidney failure almost always occurs in connection with another medical condition or event. Conditions that can increase the risk of acute kidney failure include:

  1. Transfer to hospital, especially for a serious case requiring intensive care advanced age
  2. Blockages in the blood vessels in your arms or legs (peripheral artery disease)
  3. Diabetes
  4. Hypertension
  5. Heart failure
  6. Kidney disease
  7. Liver diseases
  8. Some types of cancer and their treatments

Complications of kidney failure

Possible complications of acute kidney failure include:

  1. Fluid buildup: Acute kidney failure can cause fluid to build up in your lungs, causing shortness of breath.
  2. chest pain If the lining covering your heart (pericardium) becomes irritated, you may experience chest pain.
  3. Muscle weakness: When your fluids and electrolytes — your body chemistry — become imbalanced, it can lead to muscle weakness.
  4. Permanent damage to the kidney: Sometimes, acute kidney failure causes permanent damage to kidney function, or it may lead to end-stage renal disease. People with ESRD either need permanent dialysis – a mechanical purification process used to remove toxins and waste from the body – or they may need a kidney transplant to survive.
  5. Death: Acute kidney failure can lead to complete loss of kidney function and, ultimately, death.

Prevention of kidney failure

Acute kidney failure is difficult to predict or prevent. But you may be able to reduce your risk by preserving your kidneys. Try to follow these instructions:

  • Pay attention to labels for over-the-counter pain medications. Follow the directions for over-the-counter pain medications, such as aspirin, acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), or naproxen sodium (Aleve, others). Taking a large amount of these drugs may increase the risk of kidney damage. Especially if you have had kidney disease, diabetes, or high blood pressure in the past.
  • Work with your doctor to treat kidney disease or other chronic diseases. if you have kidney disease or another disease that increases your risk of developing acute kidney failures, such as diabetes or high blood pressure; Stick to treatment goals and follow your doctor’s recommendations for your treatment.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle. Be active, eat a well-balanced diet, and drink alcohol in moderation, and ideally not at all.

Kidney failure treatment

Chronic renal failure treatment focuses on the cause of the disease to avoid the aggravation of the condition, as there is no treatment that helps improve kidney function.

The treatments used can be divided as follows:

Improved lifestyle

This can be achieved by::

  1. Reducing alcohol consumption to a minimum.
  2. Eating as little protein and salt as possible.
  3. Taking appropriate medications in case of certain diseases, such as diabetes and blood pressure.
  4. Giving up smoking.
  5. Maintaining a healthy weight.
  6. Avoiding taking some medications that increase kidney toxicity.

Pharmaceutical treatments

There are some other treatments that aim to treat the complications of the disease. They include:

  • Some blood pressure-lowering medications, such as Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARB).
  • Cholesterol-lowering treatments.
  • Treatments to raise the level of hemoglobin and treat anemia.
  • Bone strengthening treatments.
  • Treatments to get rid of edema.

Other procedures

In some cases where there is a significant decrease in kidney function, the patient may decide to resort to:


Dialysis machine
Dialysis machine

It is performed by medical devices that filter the blood, where the blood is entered through a tube into the device, where it is filtered and then returned to the body again, and this process takes hours and must be done several times a week.

Peritoneal dialysis is performed in other cases, where a solution is introduced into the abdominal cavity, then the waste is transferred from the blood into the solution through the peritoneal membrane, then the solution is pumped out of the abdominal space.

Kidney transplant

In some other severe cases, a new kidney is transplanted into the patient’s body that was donated by a deceased person or a living donor.

Treating kidney failure with herbs

Alternative medicine has shown great success in treating chronic diseases. A Chinese scientist proved the power of treating the kidneys with herbs, including red onions and a mixture of onions, honey, rhubarb, aloe vera, and the clip art herb, which we can find in Saudi Arabia

Benefits of red onions juice and honey for the kidneys

The Chinese scientist stated, in an interview conducted with him by French channels, the effectiveness of treating kidneys with honey within three days, and the benefits of onion water. He stressed that with onions and honey, a patient with failure can also be treated without any dialysis operations, by making a mixture of the two that are available in every home.

To ensure that the treatment will be effective, the patient should stop any previous treatment he was using during the three days of treatment. After these three days, he starts doing necessary analyzes to check his own recovery.

Also, after making sure that he has recovered, he should take a spoonful of the mixture on an empty stomach every day throughout his life

The Chinese researcher begged patients to use this recipe as they have nothing to lose, for it is present in all homes and is not harmful to health., kidney transplantation, on the contrary, is very expensive these days. in addition, kidney transplantation does not last more than ten years, depending on each patient’s condition.

How to treat kidney failure with honey and onions
  1. Bring red onion juice with bee honey in equal amounts.
  2. Take 2 tablespoons of the mixture every hour for three consecutive days.
  3. Do all the necessary tests for kidney failure to ensure the health and safety of the kidney.
  4. After the tests prove to be successful, take a tablespoon every day on an empty stomach throughout your life.

I think it is not difficult to implement this, and the mixture also has no difficulty or cost, as the researcher confirmed through his interview with the French channel, that the recipe for honey and onions had already been tried with a patient who had a failure, and her husband was completely unable to buy a kidney for her, as the experiment was successful, as he confirmed In his speech, the patient responded greatly to the treatment and was cured.

Arabic gum for the treatment of kidney failure
Arabic gum
Arabic gum

Arabic gum is composed of nutrients, the most important of which is water-soluble fiber.
These fibers reduce the level of creatine in the blood by excreting it out of the body through the urinary system, in order to avoid inflammation of the kidneys, and reduce the symptoms of kidney failure and fatigue.

This gum facilitates urination and prevents the accumulation of toxins in the body. It helps absorb nitrogen, whose high rate in the body is an indication of the inability of the kidneys to filter waste from the blood. Plus, it activates the kidneys and reduces the rate of nitrogen in the blood by excreting it with urine.

The Arabic gum is an effective remedy for cleaning the urinary tract from deposits that are formed by the accumulation of acids and mineral salts that contribute to the formation of stones that lead to acute renal failure.


In the above article, we have tried to provide you with anything you need to know about kidney failure, starting from the symptoms to the treatments. So if you have any remarks or questions, don’t hesitate to write them in the comments box below, and we will do our best to answer them as soon as possible.

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