Red and green apple farm
Apple farm

Apples are one of the most popular fruits in the world. They are famous for their great health benefits and nutritional values, and they contain lots of nutrients necessary for the body. They are characterized by their high content of antioxidants, flavonoids, and some types of vitamins,  which make them a very useful source of nutrition. 

Nutritional values of apples per 100 grams

Apples are a good source of a group of B-complex vitamins, such as thiamine (B1) and pyridoxine (B6), in addition to their richness in vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin E, iron, and potassium, which play an important role in the work of enzymes necessary for metabolism, and many other nutrients. vital functions in the body.

It must be noted that peeling should be avoided, as its peel contains important antioxidants and dietary fiber.

100 grams of an apple contains 52 calories, in addition to a large group of vitamins and minerals necessary for human health, including the following:

NutrientsValue per 100 grams
Carbohydrates 13.81 g
Protein 0.26 g
Fats 0.17 g
Fiber 2.4 g

Health benefits of apples

Boosting the health of the nervous system

Some studies have found that eating apples helps reduce the number of neurons damaged by oxidative stress. Apples help to protect nerve cells and thus help reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. They enhance the efficiency of brain work and reduce the risk of dementia, a disease that develops through age.

In addition, studies suggest that people who eat foods less rich in flavonoids are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease and related dementia for about 20 years.

Reducing the risk of stroke

Some studies indicate that nutrients present in apples play a great role in reducing the risk of stroke. The reason for this is that they contain dietary fiber which protects blood vessels and promotes their health and blood circulation.  Fiber also prevents clots and strokes.

Maintaining a healthy heart

Apples contain good amounts of fiber, and antioxidants, such as vitamin C, and potassium. These elements work together to maintain heart health and normal blood pressure. Also, they reduce the risk of heart disease complications.

High quality apples ready for consumption
High quality apples ready
for consumption

In addition, eating apples and their dietary fiber, the most famous of which is pectin, contribute to lowering high cholesterol levels, especially bad cholesterol (LDL). This is a result of its role in protecting blood vessels and the blood circulation system. So it is advisable to include apples in the daily diet.

Protection from diabetes

One of the benefits of apples is that they can help protect against type 2 diabetes because they maintain normal blood sugar levels.

Helping to lose weight

Apples contain a relatively low amount of calories.  They are free of cholesterol and saturated fat. Therefore, they are a healthy and suitable food to include in the diet of those who want to lose and maintain their weight.

Maintaining the health of the digestive system

One of the benefits of apples is to contribute to improving digestion and protecting the intestines because they contain fiber. Fiber also protects the mucous membrane of the colon from exposure to toxic and carcinogenic substances. So it is very useful for people with constipation as it helps activate the intestines.

In addition, apples contain pectin, which is an essential nutrient for maintaining the balance of beneficial bacteria in the intestine.

Boosting the immune system

Apples are rich in many vitamins that benefit your health. They contain good amounts of beta-carotene, and vitamin C, which is a powerful natural antioxidant that is important for fighting diseases and infections, and preventing cancer, especially breast cancer.

Apples are also rich in flavonoids such as quercetin, epicatechin, and procyanidin B2. They also contain tartaric acid, which gives apples a sour flavor. All of these compounds help the body get rid of free radicals in addition to their role in strengthening the body’s immunity.

Maintaining bone health

Some studies point to the potential role of apples in maintaining bone health and preventing osteoporosis, as they contain anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

Negative effects of apples 

Despite the health benefits of apples stated above, they are not void of such negative impacts. Here is a list of the most well-known negative impacts:


Red apples tree

Although eating apple pulp will not poison you, eating the apple seeds that are in the middle of the pulp of the fruit, whether intentionally or unintentionally, may lead to poisoning.

Apple seeds contain cyanide, a toxic substance that can cause death in large quantities. So it is advisable to completely avoid eating apple seeds.

We should note that cyanide poisoning resulting from eating apple seeds does not usually occur as a result of eating a small quantity of seeds. A person needs to eat large quantities of apple seeds until poisoning occurs.

Allergic reactions

Eating apples may sometimes stimulate the body to show an allergic reaction. But we should note that there are several types of apple allergies.  So the symptoms that appear in the affected person may differ from one person to another. Here is a list of the general symptoms of apple allergies:

  1. Rash.
  2. Swelling in the throat or in the lips.
  3. Abdominal cramps or general stomach upset.
  4. Diarrhea.
  5. Itching in the throat or in the mouth.

People with an apple allergy are often allergic by origin to plants that come from the Rosaceae family, in general. This botanical family is the same family as that of almonds, peaches, pears, apricots, and strawberries.

Raising blood sugar levels

One of the possible harms of apples is that eating them or eating some products manufactured from them may raise blood sugar levels, especially their juice. So in case a person has diabetes, it is preferable that his blood sugar levels should be closely monitored if he wants to eat apples or drink their juice

Digestive disorders

Just picked red apples ready for sale
Just picked red apples
ready for sale

Eating apples excessively may cause some digestive problems, such as nausea, diarrhea, and bloating because apples contain these substances:

  1. Dietary fiber: Eating it in large quantities can suddenly cause general discomfort in the digestive system.
  2. Fructose: Some people are allergic to fructose, not to mention that it may trigger the symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Negative interaction with some medications

Although eating a little apple pulp may not affect how some medications work in the body, this does not apply to some products made with apples, especially apple juice.

Drinking apple juice with some types of medications may reduce the ability of the gut to absorb and benefit from it, especially these types of medications:

  1. Some high blood pressure medications, such as Atenolol.
  2. Some types of antihistamines, such as Fexofenadine:

Therefore, it is preferable to completely avoid drinking apple juice with the above-mentioned medicines.

Other negative effects of apples

Eating apples may cause choking. Eating raw apple pulp by children or adults who have difficulty swallowing may trigger their suffocation.

How to avoid the negative effects of apples

It is possible to avoid the negative impacts of this fruit by following these rules:

  1. Avoid eating apples if you have an apple allergy. The same thing applies to children and people with fructose allergies.
  2. Do not take apples or their juice with medicines.
  3. Don’t eat large amounts of apples.
  4. Avoid eating apple seeds. Eat only the pulp.
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